BI Solutions Must Address The Information Management Matrix
A confluence of changing business requirements and on-going vendor consolidation leads many organizations to rethink their business intelligence (BI) strategies. Many buyers face decisions to move beyond departmental solutions or to stay with an integrated apps based BI solution. Meanwhile, some buyers must decide whether or not an integrated platform provides the right balance between business impact and cost of technology. Additionally, most organizations seek support for new data types and new deployment options. As BI continues to evolve from fragmented and historical reporting to pervasive, predictive, and real-time decision support, an organization’s success increasingly depends on the support for a expanding information matrix of (see Figure 1):
- New and traditional data types. A proliferation of data types from social, machine to machine, and mobile sources add new data types to traditional transactional data. Examples include content, geo-spatial, hardware data points, location based, machine data, metrics, mobile, physical data points, process, RFID’s, search, sentiment, streaming data, social, text, and web.
- Visualization and reporting paradigms. Users expect more than the traditional charts, gauges, and dials. Web 2.0 innovations show how Rich Internet Applications (RIA) through tools such as AJAX, Adobe Flash and Microsoft Silverlight can create interactive BI experiences. New and old paradigms include ad-hoc query builders, business performance management (BPM) systems, dashboards, production reports, scorecards, and advanced visualizations. New visualization types include matrix charts, network diagrams, bubble charts, tree maps, word trees, tag clouds, phrase nets, and others.
- Approaches and styles. Analytical techniques continue to improve as data volumes explode. New and traditional approaches include advanced analytics, business activity monitoring (BAM), BI workspace, decision support systems, low latency BI, meta data generated BI apps, non-modeled exploration and in-memory analytics, scenario analysis, and OLAP.
- Deployment options. With data coming from so many different sources, users are seeking new deployment options. Common solutions in the BI portfolio include BI appliances, BI in the Cloud, BI specific DBMS, Mobile BI, open source BI, on-premises packaged BI apps, private BI clouds, and SaaS based BI.
Figure 1. The Information Management Matrix Drives Next Gen BI
Explosion In Semi-Structured And Unstructured Data Challenges Existing Solutions
Along with new business requirements, the old world of structured data must make way for a plethora of new data types in unstructured data. More importantly, solutions must support a growing number of industry vertical standards in semi-structured data. Unfortunately, no single vendor can support all the data types that fit into the following three categories (see Figure 2):
- Structured data. Structured data remains the most understood type of data. Traditional sources comprise of data in transactional systems such as ERP, CRM, SCM and other database management systems. Solutions conduct analysis via OLAP and traditional apps centric and database centric BI systems.
- Semi-structured data. Common examples include flat files in record format, RSS feeds, XML documents, and data in spreadsheets. Industry-specific XML data standards and cross-enterprise data-exchange standards such as ACORD, EDI, HL7, NACHA, and SWIFT will continue to grow as BI goes vertical. On the document print stream front, new systems should support ASP, Met code, and PCL.
- Unstructured data. Sources include natural-language text from e-mail, blogs, SMS, social networking sites, text fields, audio, video, and images. Unstructured data represents up to 80% of today’s data sources. Enterprises are challenged in discovering and organizing unstructured data for the real-time delivery of information to the right user.
Figure 2. Data Types Fall Into Three Main Categories
Next Gen BI Must Reflect Emerging And Evolving Business Requirements
As market hype increases and sellers (i.e. vendors) rush to meet new requirements, buyers (i.e. users) should focus on 10 emerging and evolving next gen requirements that span dynamic user experiences, business process focus, and community connectedness (see Figure 3):
- Support role based designs. Information enables actionable insight by role. Dashboards, reports, alerts, notifications, and filtered activity streams must deliver relevant information at the right time for the right person. BI tailors to the needs of a role and should be self-service.
- Deliver consistent experience across channels and deployment options. Information enforces consistency across deployment models, devices, and data sources. Users create, read, use, delete, and share information in a consistent user experience. BI delivers information any and everywhere.
- Enable contextual, timely, and relevant delivery of information. Information knows when to provide; what information to; which users; where it makes sense in a business process. Users receive activity streams of information based on preferences. BI understands relationship history and how to deliver to the right person at the right time with the right authority.
- Align with configurable and adaptive business processes. Information aligns with business processes. Users easily modify processes to meet changing conditions. BI provides user driven ad-hoc reporting and configuration.
- Facilitate outcome-focus and results-orientation. Information ties back to goals and instills accountability for results. Users gain transparency and insight in data. BI tracks key performance indicators (KPI’s) and related actionable key performance drivers (KPD’s) across an end to end process.
- Foster proactive, predictive, & actionable insight. Information identifies patterns and trends including intent and forecast projections. Users respond with speed and accuracy to requests and apply new techniques such as key performance predictors (KPPs). BI anticipates requests and supports decision making.
- Empower all types of stakeholders. Information and results shared with internal and external stakeholders. Users establish relationships and participate in communities and social networks. Solution opens up the system to new types of users, collaborators, networks, and communities. BI must be easy to use by everyone making decisions, not just business analyst gurus. Solutions should also take into consideration accessible outputs for the visually impaired.
- Provide pervasive and natural collaboration. Information shared and socialized with key stakeholders. Users collaborate with internal and external stakeholders to review results, modify plans, add understanding, and communicate changes. Collaboration should support decision making. BI embeds knowledge worker skills into existing work flows.
- Engage self-learning and self-awareness. Information supports decision support, presence, and learning. Users build a history of interactions that drive preferences and identify patterns. BI applies presence and location information to offer relevant actions and remembers patterns and behaviors.
- Permit security, scalability, and safety. Information supports role base security, data masking, partitioning, archiving, disaster recovery, and other security requirements. Users shielded from cumbersome security measures. BI meets regulatory requirements and disaster recovery thresholds.
Figure 3. Next Gen BI Requirements Touch On 10 Elements Of Social Enterprise Apps
Long Term BI Strategy Must Support A Multi-Disciplinary Integrated Approach
Organizations can expect BI solutions to be embedded in a growing number of business solutions. With actionable insight a scarce resource, natural integration points with other information management and orthogonal disciplines will emerge:
- Business process management. A strong linkage between BI and business process management will enable operational BI (OBI). Organizations will transition from reactive to proactive process management.
- Content management. Unstructured information tied back to BI will bring new dimensions to information management. Organizations can expect improved informed decision making and richer context to analytical reports.
- Data governance. Formulation of an organizational strategy and data stewardship methodology must align with the BI strategy. Organizations must model business rules and controls that span cross-functional teams to improve the success of data quality and BI deployments.
- Master data management. Master data management forms the foundation of successful BI engagements by acquiring, cleaning, distributing, organizing, and managing master data. Organizations still lag in MDM deployments but must come up to speed to support enterprise BI requirements .
- Social technologies. BI’s reach into social apps and the social metadata layer bodes well for an industry just starting to explore social technologies. Organizations need to associate a Twitter handle or social networking account with a customer account.
The Bottom Line For Buyers – Compare And Contrast BI Strategies To Match Business Impact And Technology Value
As with all IT solutions, organizations must balance out the business impact with the cost of technology (see Figure 4). Given the three major vendor approaches to BI, organizations must rethink which approach best suits their near and long term strategy (see Figure 5).
- Application and business process centric. These solutions take an application or business process centered approach based on applications such as ERP and CRM. Optimization for apps data and processes best suits organizations when more than a majority of their business information resides in a few data sources. Sample vendors include Epicor, Lawson, Microsoft Dynamics, Oracle and SAP Business Objects
- Pure play best of breeds. These solutions provide deep capabilities in a subset of data types, visualization and reporting paradigms, BI approaches and styles, and deployment deployment options. Pure play best of breeds deal well with multiple data sources and support data heterogeneity. These solutions often address the data integration (DI) issues head on. Sample vendors include Actuate, BIRST, Information Builders, MicroStrategy, myDials, PivotLink, Proferi, and QlikTech.
- Strategic BI platforms. These solutions seek to build a comprehensive approach to supporting data types, visualization and reporting paradigms, and BI approaches and styles. Organizations should conduct a thorough analysis of platform maturity in order to assess degrees of integration, architectural consistency, and solution completeness. However, not all strategic BI platforms are created equal as some are more apps centric versus apps independent. For example (i.e. in order of most apps centric to most apps independent), the range includes Microsoft, Oracle, SAP Business Objects, IBM, and SAS Institute.
In addition, there are a number of enabling technologies required for BI to be successful such as:
- Data integration (DI) and data quality (DQ). DI and DQ solutions enable the access to, transformation of, integration with, and delivery of the best version of truth to business systems. BI efforts require successful DI and DQ strategies. Sample vendors include Capscan, DataFlux, Datanomic, Experian QAS, IBM, Informatica, Inquera, Melissa Data, Omikron, Pitney Bowes, SAP BusinessObjects (FirstLogic), Satori, Talend, Trillium, and Uniserv.
- Data warehouses (DW). DW’s primarily provide a place for consolidated data storage. BI systems leverage DWs to retrieve, analyze, extract, transform, load, and manage data. Sample vendors include Aster Data, Greenplum, HP Neoview, IBM, Microsoft (DATAllegr0), Netezza, Oracle, ParAccel, SAP Sybase IQ, Terradata, and Vertica.
- Master data management (MDM). MDM helps organizations apply a technology solution to the acquisition, cleansing, distribution, organization, and management of master data to systems such as BI. Sample vendors include DataFlux (A SaaS Company), IBM (including Initiate), Informatica (previously Siperian), Kalido, Oracle, and Talend.
Figure 4. Extent Of Business Impact And Cost Of Technology Delivery Drive Business Value
Figure 5. Comparing Vendor BI Strategies: When and Why?
When evaluating next gen BI strategies, consider the following best practices in vendor selection:
- Focus on enabling all types of users. Solutions should enable anyone from a front line employee to a power user to view reports, build ad-hoc reports, collaborate, and improve decision making. Design for roles could eventually result in BI activity streams filtered by key information needs. Change management should be budgeted for solution development, training, and ongoing education.
- Support highly differentiated processes. Take advantage of industry specific solutions that meet critical vertical requirements and reduce time to market. Over time, expect BI to continue to specialize by verticals. Certain industries will require different levels of information optimization. For example an emergency dispatch, may prioritize optimization of certain data types over others or regulations may require a certain standard of delivery.
- Stay flexible. Ensure the systems supports multi-channel heterogeneous data sources. Do not stay dependent on ERP systems for primary sources of data. Expect a rapidly changing business environment that rewards flexibility.
- Avoid vendor lock-in to one set of technologies. Seek different approaches and styles depending on the business requirement. Be open to best of breed solutions as needed. Keep in mind, support of specialized scenarios or cross-enterprise requirements may result in the selection of best of breed. Apps independent vendors will be more focused on supporting heterogeneity.
- Expect to move beyond departmental. Organizations will want to replicate successful deployments in departments across the enterprise. Choose technology approaches and styles that can scale across different business functions, data types, reporting paradigms, and deployment options.
- Factor existing infrastructure. Consider when it makes sense to invest in or throw out existing systems. Astute next gen enterprises find ways to simultaneously leverage existing investments and innovate. Plan replacement projects in phases.
- Apply selection tools. Save time and use independent vendor selection short list and check list tools to map business requirements such as organization and team structure, business and process maturity, technology strategy, and technology solution ecosystem.
Does your existing BI strategy support these next gen requirements? What next gen BI capabilities would you like to see your BI vendor deliver on in the next release? Is your organization ready for a next gen BI strategy? Does your BI strategy account for new social requirements? Add your comments to the discussion or send on to rwang0 at gmail dot com or r at softwareinsider dot org and we’ll keep your anonymity.
Please let us know if you need help with your next gen BI strategy, overall apps strategy, and contract negotiations projects. Here’s how we can help:
- Designing a next gen information management strategy
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- Evaluating Cloud integration strategies
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- Performing vendor selection
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Research from this document came from conversations with 37 buyers (users) and the following sellers (vendors):
|QlikTech||Proferi||SAP Business Objects|
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